What types of crops are most often grown on Russian soil?
The areas occupied by certain crops vary from year to year. But the basic proportions remain the same. Given the huge variety of fertile territories in Russia, the land plots are sown with a variety of plant species. There can be identified ten most popular and sought-after crops that bring the maximum income to agricultural producers.
What Amount of Soybeans and Sugar Beets is Grown in the Country?
The undisputed market leader is the Krasnodar Territory. In 2014, they received over 1.1 million tons of sugar. The superiority of the region in the top is explained by favorable soil and climatic conditions for growing sugar beets. The largest agricultural crops are located here – about 138 thousand hectares (hereinafter, Rosstat data). Also, raw materials for processing are supplied by the neighboring Stavropol and Rostov regions: the former lacks its own capacities, while the latter does not have sugar factories at all. The first place for the Krasnodar Territory is provided by its large, in comparison with other beet-growing regions, area of the territory. The yield in the Kuban, depending on the year, is the highest or one of the highest in Russia, in 2014 it amounted to 494 c / ha. The gross harvest of beets at the same time reached 6.7 million tons, which is 1.7 times more than the Voronezh region, which ranks second in the ranking, grew.
How are things with Potatoes and Corn?
According to Rosstat, in 2015, potato production in Russia increased by almost 7% compared to the previous year, and agricultural productivity at agricultural producers reached a record high of 233.5 c / ha. The main factor behind the high yield was the increase in sowing, explains Svetlana Kuleshova, an expert at the Institute for Agricultural Market Studies (IKAR). “On the euphoria of import substitution, industrial producers (agricultural organizations and farms) have increased the area for planting potatoes from 320 thousand hectares in 2014 to 360 thousand hectares,” she says. “In parallel with this, a significant part of the population returned to the practice of growing agricultural crops on their private plots due to the decreased purchasing power.” As a result, the harvest in the corporate sector increased by more than 20% from 6.1 million tons to 7.4 million tons.
Better to plant corn officially. However, most of the crops grown in Russia are forage crops. There are also grain plantations, but the figures are somewhat more modest.
21,100 hectares of land are used for fodder corn.
Grain crops occupy 12,500 hectares.
The total area of green spaces is 33,600 hectares. It is a high-yielding product that is prized in the Western world. Corn is a very promising crop that is always in demand. Therefore, foreign citizens who come to Russia can specialize in its cultivation.
How much oats and rye are produced in Russia?
The main purpose of oats is to obtain feed for cattle. Therefore, crop production is extremely important for the Russian agricultural sector. A much smaller part of it reaches the table of ordinary citizens in the form:
flour and so on.
For this reason, oat crops are becoming more and more popular and currently occupy 34.5 thousand hectares of land. However, they are difficult to compare with the rye crop, which covers just under 40,000 hectares or 100,000 acres. Rye kvass and bread are very popular in the country, and flour or derivatives of this plant are used in these products.
What’s interesting about barley and other herbs?
Barley has become even more popular than the plants mentioned above due to its nutritional properties. It is ideal for feeding livestock. In terms of the area, barley covers 87,200 hectares. As for forage plants, 148,600 hectares of land are occupied by forage grasses of various types. They are used to feed livestock.
Which plants grow more often than other plant species?
Most of the agricultural land in Russia is planted with sunflower (151,900 ha) and wheat (252,800 ha). Moreover, spring wheat varieties are not included in the sown area. Bread is baked from wheat flour, pasta, sweets and other goods are made. Sunflower is used to make oil.
Tell us what exactly you want to grow and we will find the right land for you.